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As an employer and entrepreneur, you set an example - also when it comes to observing children's rights. These issues often play a subordinate role in a company. However, it can make sense to question production conditions, for example, or to become aware of the route by which the goods are transported and where they come from. Take new paths by incorporating children's ideas on sustainable living.
If you want to involve young people in your company as employees, then the Youth Protection Act (JArbSchG) must be observed. For example, young people under the age of 15 are not allowed to work in a regulated job. Young people aged 15 and over may work continuously for a maximum of four weeks during school holidays. There are many other regulations that must be observed that result from the Youth Protection Act. An exception to this are company internships that take place during school hours. Internships for pupils are an opportunity for you as an employer and for the pupils.
Questions and answers
Do I have to insure a student for a holiday job?
Student help for the holiday job in a craft enterprise must be accident insured by the company. There are no social security contributions. However, if the pupil receives more than 896 Euro per month, he has to pay taxes.
Children and work - What is allowed?
Children under the age of 13 are not allowed to work. With the consent of their parents, children between the ages of 13 and 15 may earn a few euros. But only light work (e.g. childcare, distributing brochures, walking the dog). Maximum 2 hours a day after school and not between 18-8 hours. This also applies during the school holidays. From an age of 16 the young person can take a regular holiday job and work 4 weeks a year. Young people between the ages of 15 and 18 who no longer attend school may work up to 8 hours a day between 8 am and 8 pm. They may work a maximum of 5 days a week. So they should have 2 days off, if possible consecutive. Young people are normally not allowed to work on Saturdays. There are exceptions, e.g. if the work of the young person is in a restaurant, open sales point, at music performances, medical emergency services, etc.. Then the employer must make sure that the 5-day week is still adhered to.
How is this regulated with the breaks in child and youth work protection?
From a working time of four and a half to six hours a day, the student must take a break of at least 30 minutes. If more than six hours a day are worked, the student must take a break of at least 60 minutes.
Sample - Employment contract for pupils
Employment contract as a template for the employment of pupils (holiday job)
handwerk magazin - www.handwerk-magazin.de
Employment of pupils and students
Leaflet with everything that is allowed and forbidden in the employment of minors.
Industrie- und Handelskammer Chemnitz - www.chemnitz.ihk24.de
A detailed step-by-step description of how to plan an internship.
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung - www.perspektive-berufsabschluss.de
Practical training guide
Remuneration, duration, design, templates for the internship agreement, etc.
Industrie- und Handelskammer Frankfurt am Main - www.frankfurt-main.ihk.de
Guide to student jobs and holiday jobs
Among other things, it clarifies which work pupils and students are allowed to do on the side.
VFR Verlag für Rechtsjournalismus GmbH - www.arbeitsrechte.de
Professionals secure by offering a free student internship.
Information on the Youth Protection Act, minimum wage, supervisory authorities, etc.
SMS - Sächsisches Ministerium für Soziales und Verbraucherschutz
SMWA - Sächsisches Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Verkehr
Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales (BMAS)
Agentur für Arbeit Dresden
IHK - Industrie- und Handelskammer Dresden
Langer Weg 4
Netzwerk für Kinder und Jugendarbeit e. V.